Alabama State Tree
Leaf: Evergreen, very long and feathery (8 to 18 inches long), with three dark green needles per fascicle.
Flower: Monoecious; males yellow-red, long, in clusters; females oval, purple.
Fruit: Very large (largest cone in the Eastern U. S. --6 to 10 inches long), ovoid to conical in shape, sessile. Scales are red-brown in color. The umbo is armed with a curved prickle. Maturing September to October.
Twig: Very stout, brown, with large obvious, asbestos-white buds.
Bark: Quite scaly, orange-brown to gray, will eventually develop plates.
Form: A medium-sized tree with a straight trunk, coarse branches and tufted
needles at ends of branches.
Photos courtesy: Michael Aust, John Baitey, Ctaude L. Brown, Bruce Bongarten,
Susan D. Day, Edward C. Jensen, Richard E. Kreh, Larry H. McCormick, Alex X.
Niemiera, John A. Peterson, Oana Popescu, John R. Seiter, David W. Smith, Kim
C. Steiner, James E. Ward, Rodney E. Will, Shepard M. Zedaker.
Text written by: John R. Seiter, Edward C. Jensen, Or John A. Peterson