Arkansas State Tree
Leaf: Evergreen, 6 to 9 inches long, with (usually) three yellow-green needles per fascicle.
Flower: Monoecious; males long cylindrical, red to yellow, in clusters at branch tips; females yellow to purple.
Fruit: Cones are ovoid to cylindrical and red-brown in color. The umbo is armed with a short spine. Cones are roughly the size of a potato (3 to 6 inches). Maturing September to October.
Twig: Orange-brown in color, fine to moderately stout. Buds are light reddish-brown.
Bark: Quite variable. When young, appears brown and scaly. Older trees are ridged and furrowed, with somewhat apparent blocks. Very old trees have red-brown scaly plates.
Form: A medium to large tree that self-prunes well and develops a straight
trunk and an oval, somewhat dense crown.
Photos courtesy: Michael Aust, John Baitey, Ctaude L. Brown, Bruce Bongarten,
Susan D. Day, Edward C. Jensen, Richard E. Kreh, Larry H. McCormick, Alex X.
Niemiera, John A. Peterson, Oana Popescu, John R. Seiter, David W. Smith, Kim
C. Steiner, James E. Ward, Rodney E. Will, Shepard M. Zedaker.
Text written by: John R. Seiter, Edward C. Jensen, Or John A. Peterson