Louisiana (LA)

Quick Facts

Capital City: Baton Rouge

Abbreviation:  LA

Population (2019):  4,625,470; Rank: 25 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:   South 

Admission to Statehood:  April 30, 1812 (18th State)

State Motto:  “Union, Justice, and Confidence”

State Nickname:  The Pelican State

Origin of State Name: Named in honor of France’s King Louis XIV

Area Codes:  225, 318, 337, 504, 985

Zip Codes:   Louisiana Zip Codes

 

State Symbols

Bird:  Eastern Brown Pelican | List of State Birds

Flag:  Louisiana Flag
The design consists of the pelican group from the state seal, in white and gold, and a white ribbon bearing the state motto, “Union, Justice, and Confidence”, on a field of a solid blue. Flag adopted 1912. Get this Flag

Flower:  Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) | Other State Flowers

Soil: Ruston

Song:  Give Me Louisiana” | Words by: Doralice Fontane | Music by: Doralice Fontane
Other State Songs | Sheet Music

Tree: Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum) | Other State Trees

Quarter:  Louisiana State Quarter is a brown pelican (state bird); trumpet with musical notes, outline of Louisiana Purchase on map of U.S.

 

 

 

Geography

Louisiana on a map

Area:  51,843 sq.mi (134,273 sq.km.), 31st
Land: 43,566 sq.mi. (112,836 sq.km.), 33rd
Water: 8,277 sq.mi. (21,437 sq.km.), 5th
Coastline: 397 mi. (639 km.), 5th
Shoreline: 7,721 mi. (12,426 km.), 3rd

Largest Cities:  New Orleans | Baton Rouge | Shreveport | LaFayette | Kenner | Bossier City | Alexandria | Houma

Border States:   Arkansas | Mississippi | Texas | List of US Regions

Highest Point:  Driskill Mountain ; 535 feet, (163 m), 48th tallest

Lowest Point:  Louisiana; 8 feet below sea level; 2nd lowest

Geographic Center:  Avoyelles, 3 miles southeast of Marksville

National Parks:  
Cane River Creole National Historical Park
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park
Poverty Point National Monument
Vicksburg National Military Park Louisiana’s Constitution , 18th Stat

Location:  Absolute Center: 30°58.1’N / 92°32.2’W
Relative Center: Avoyelles, 3 miles southeast of Marksville
Distance Between U.S. Cities

 

State Government

Governor:  John Bel Edwards (D)

Senators:  Bill Cassi(R) John Kennedy (R)

Representatives:  House Senate

Constitution:  Louisiana’s constitution

Electoral College Votes:  8 Votes

 

Economy

Agriculture: Seafood, cotton, soybeans, cattle, sugarcane, poultry and eggs, dairy products, rice.
Industry: Chemical products, petroleum and coal products, food processing, transportation equipment, paper products, tourism.

Education