Capital City: Denver
Population (2019): 5,268,367; Rank: 22 of 50 | Population Quick Facts
Admission to Statehood: August 1, 1876 (38th State)
State Motto: Nil sine Numine
State Nickname: Centennial State
Origin of State Name: Taken from the Spanish for the color red, referring to the banks of the Colorado river.
Area Codes: 303, 719, 720, 970
Zip Codes: Colorado Zip Codes
Bird: Lark Bunting
Flag: The Colorado flag consists of three alternate stripes of equal width and at right angles to the staff, the two outer stripes to be blue of the same color as in the blue field of the national flag and the middle stripe to be white, the proportion of the flag being a width of two-thirds of its length. At a distance from the staff end of the flag of one fifth of the total length of the flag there is a circular red C, of the same color as the red in the national flag of the United States. The diameter of the letter is two-thirds of the width of the flag. The inner line of the opening of the letter C is three-fourths of the width of its body or bar, and the outer line of the opening is double the length of the inner line thereof. Completely filling the open space inside the letter C is a golden disk, attached to the flag is a cord of gold and silver, intertwined, with tassels, one of gold and one of silver. Flag adopted 1911.
Flower: Rocky Mountain Columbine (Aquilegia caerules ‘Glauca’)
Song: “Where the Columbines Grow” | Words by: A.J. Flynn | Music by: A.J. Flynn
Tree: Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea pugens)
Quarter: Reverse features the Rocky Mountains — which cross through Colorado — and a “Colorful Colorado” banner. Obverse features the image of George Washington.
Area: 104,100 sq.mi (269,618 sq.km.), 8th
Land: 103,730 sq.mi. (268,660 sq.km.), 8th
Water: 371 sq.mi. (961 sq.km.), 46th
Largest Cities: Denver | Colorado Springs | Aurora | Fort Collins | Lakewood | Pueblo | Arvada | Westminster | Centennial
Border States: Arizona | Kansas | Nebraska | New Mexico | Oklahoma | Utah | Wyoming
Highest Point: Mt. Elbert ; 14,433 feet, (4,399 m), 3rd tallest
Lowest Point: Colorado; 3317 feet, 50th lowest where the Arikaree River flows out of the state.
Geographic Center: Park, 30 miles northwest of Pike’s Peak
National Parks: Rocky Mountain, Mesa Verde, Great Sand Dunes and Black Canyon of the Gunnison
Location: Absolute Center: 38°59.9’N / 105°38.5’W
Relative Center: Park, 30 miles northwest of Pikes Peak
Agriculture: Cattle, wheat, dairy products, corn, hay.
Industry: Scientific instruments, food processing, transportation equipment, machinery, chemical products, gold and other mining, tourism.