Illinois State Flower

Illinois State Flower

Violet Viola

The violet was chosen as the official state flower of Illinois after a 1907 vote from Illinois schoolchildren to vote for their favorite flower. Then Senator Jackson sponsored a bill to make the violet the official state flower. It became law on  January 21, 1908.

The law that made the violet the state flower designated the “blue violet.” There eight species of blue-flowered violets in the state. The most common of these is the dooryard violet (Viola sororia).

The dooryard violet is certainly one of the most recognizable native wildflowers in the Illinois. It is also one of the most easily grown; it grows in anything from full sunlight to deep shade.Many types of violets, including the dooryard violet, produce two kinds of flowers.

The large showy flowers that people associate with the plants are common in the spring. After the showy flowers have bloomed, the plant produces small, closed flowers on short stems near the ground. These flowers look like small buds. It is these small, closed flowers that produce most of the seeds.The showy flowers are edible. The petals are frequently covered with sugar and used as decorations on cakes.

Illinois Flower