Idaho (ID)


Quick Facts

Capital City:  Boise

Abbreviation: ID 

Population (2019): 1,612,136; Rank: 39 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:  West

Admission to Statehood: July 3, 1890 (43rd State)

State Motto: Esto perpetua translates to  Let it be perpetual

State Nickname: The Gem State

Origin of State Name: Idaho is a coined, or invented word.

Sports Teams: Find the best High School, College, League, and Professional sports teams of Idaho State

Bordering States: The State of Idaho has 6 neighbors namely, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyoming | List of US Regions

Area Codes: 208, 986

Zip Codes:  Idaho Zip Codes

Famous People:  Find out all the information about the famous people born in Idaho

State Symbols

Bird:  Mountain Bluebird

Animal:  Appaloosa Horse (Equus ferus caballus)

State Fruit:  Huckleberry

State Gem:  Star Garnet

Flag:  Idaho State Flag  – A silk flag, blue field, five feet six inches fly, and four feet four inches on the pike, bordered with gilt fringe two and one-half inches in width, with the state seal of Idaho twenty-one inches in diameter, in colors, in the center of a blue field. The woman represents liberty, justice and equality. The man is a miner. The pictures on the shield represent the main industries of forestry, farming, and mining. The cornucopias or horns of plenty are symbols of abundance. The elk’s head represents wildlife. Esto Perpetua (Let it be perpetual). The words “State of Idaho” are embroidered in with block letters, two inches in height on a red band three inches in width by twenty-nine inches in length, the band being in gold and placed about eight and one-half inches from the lower border of fringe and parallel with the same. Flag adopted 1907. Get this Flag

Flower: Syringa (Philadelphus lewisii) | Other State Flowers

Soil: Threebear

Song: Here We Have Idaho” | Words by: McKinley Helm and Albert J. Tompkins | Music by: Sallie Hume-Douglas
Other State Songs | Sheet Music

Tree: Western White Pine (Pinus monticola) | Other State Trees

Quarter: Idaho quarter shows a Peregrine falcon, state outline with a star indicating location of the state capital, Boise. See all state quarters


Location of Idaho on a map




Area: Area: 83,574 sq.mi (216,456, 14th
Land: 82,751 sq.mi. (214,324, 11th
Water: 823 sq.mi. (2,132, 33rd

Largest Cities: Boise | Nampa | Idaho Falls | Pocatello | Caldwell | Coeur d’Alene | Twin Falls Lewiston | Post Falls

Highest Point:   Borah Peak ; 12,662 feet, ( 3,859 m) 11th tallest

Lowest Point: Idaho; 710 feet, 41st lowest

Geographic Center: Settlement of Custer on the Yankee Fork River, Custer County.

Blank Outline Maps: Find printable blank map of the State of Idaho , without names, so you can quiz yourself on important locations, abbreviations, or state capital.

City Guide:  Visit Idaho City Guide for a look at geography, local history, architecture, and culture.

National Parks:

City of Rocks National Reserve
Craters of the Moon National Monument & Preserve
Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument
Minidoka National Historic Site
Nez Perce National Historical Park
Yellowstone National Park


Location: Absolute Center: 44°15.4’N / 114°57.4’W
Relative Center: Settlement of Custer on the Yankee Fork River, Custer County.


State Government

Governor:  Brad Little (R) since 2019

Senators:  Mike Crapo (R)  James Risch (R)

Representatives: Idaho House Members

Idaho Senate Members 

Constitution:  Idaho Constitution, 43rd State

Government Offices Directory:  Find all information here at the Idaho government offices directory

Electoral College Votes: 4 votes

Vital Records: Find out all the information about the vital records for the state of Idaho


Agriculture: Cattle, potatoes, dairy products, wheat, sugar beets, barley.
Industry: Food processing, lumber and wood products, machinery, chemical products, paper products, silver and other mining, tourism.