New Jersey (NJ)

Quick Facts

Capital City:  Trenton

Abbreviation:  NJ

Population (2019):. 8,899,339; Rank: 11 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:  Northeast 

Admission to Statehood:  December 18, 1787 (3rd State)

State Motto:

State Nickname:  Garden State

Origin of State Name:  The land was officially named New Jersey after the Isle of Jersey in the English Channel. Carteret had been governor of the Isle of Jersey. Berkeley and Carteret sold the land at low prices and allowed the settlers to have political and religious freedom.

Area Codes:  201, 551, 609, 732, 848, 856, 862, 908, 973

Zip Codes:   New Jersey Zip Codes

 

 

 

 

 

State Symbols

Bird:  Eastern Goldfinch | List of State Birds

Flag: The State flag of New Jersey is buff colored. The state coat of arms is emblazoned in the center. The shield has three plows with a horse’s head above it. Two women represent the goddesses of Liberty and Agriculture. A ribbon at the bottom includes the year of independence in 1776 and reads: Liberty and Prosperity. The New Jersey state flag was formally adopted in 1896. Get this Flag

Flower:   Violet (Viola sororia) | Other State Flowers

Soil:  Downer

Song:   “I’m From New Jersey” (unofficial) | Words by: Red Mascara | Music by: Red Mascara Other State Songs | Sheet Music

Tree:  Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra) | Other State Trees

Quarter: Washington Crossing the Delaware, which includes George Washington (standing) and James Monroe (holding the flag) New Jersey Quarter | List of State Quarters

 

Geography

NJ on a US map

Area:

  • Area: 8,722 sq.mi (22,590 sq.km.), 47th
  • Land: 7,419 sq.mi. (19,215 sq.km.), 46th
  • Water: 1,303 sq.mi. (3,375 sq.km.), 27th
  • Coastline: 130 mi. (209 km.), 13th
  • Shoreline: 1,792 mi. (2,884 km.), 14th

Largest Cities: Jersey City | Paterson | Elizabeth | Trenton | Clifton | Camden | Passaic | Union | East Orange

Border States:   Delaware | New York | Pennsylvania | List of US Regions

Highest Point:  High Point ; 1,803 feet, (550 m.) 40th tallest

Lowest Point:  New Jersey; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest

Geographic Center:  Mercer, 5 miles southeast of Trenton

National Parks:  

Location:  

 

State Government

Governor:  Phil Murphy (D)

Senators:  Cory Booker (D) Bob Melendez (D)

Representatives:  House Senate

Constitution:  New Jersey’s Constitution , 3rd State

Electoral College Votes: 14  votes

Economy

    • Agriculture: Nursery stock, horses, vegetables, fruits and nuts, seafood, dairy products.
    • Industry: Chemical products, food processing, electric equipment, printing and publishing, tourism.
  • White Pages: New Jersey White Pages

Education