New Mexico (NM)

New Mexico

Quick Facts

Capital City: Santa Fe

Abbreviation:  NM

Population (2019): 2,085,287; Rank: 36 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region:   West

Admission to Statehood:  January 6, 1912 (47th State)

State Motto:  Crescit eundo” which translates as “It grows as it goes.” 

State Nickname: Land of Enchantment

Origin of State Name: Named by the Spanish for lands north of the Rio Grande River

Sports Teams: Find the best High School, College, League, and Professional sports teams of New Mexico State

Bordering States: The State of New Mexico has 5 neighbors namely, Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas and Utah. | List of US Regions

Area Codes:   505, 575

Zip Codes: New Mexico Zip Codes

Famous People: Find out all the information about the famous people born in New Mexico

State Symbols


Bird:  Roadrunner | List of State Birds 

Animal:  Black Bear (Ursus americanus)

Popular Fruit:  Pears and Apples

State Gemstone:  Turquoise

Flag:  New Mexico flag shows a yellow field and a red symbol that are the colors of Spain. First brought to New Mexico by Spanish explorers in 1540. On New Mexico’s flag, we see a red sun with rays stretching out from it. There are four groups of rays with four rays in each group. This is an ancient sun symbol of a Native American people called the Zia. The Zia believed that the giver of all good gave them gifts in groups of four. These gifts are:

  1. The four directions – north, east, south and west.
  2. The four seasons – spring, summer, fall and winter.
  3. The day – sunrise, noon, evening and night.
  4. Life itself – childhood, youth, middle years and old age.
  5. All of these are bound by a circle of life and love, without a beginning or end.

Get this Flag

Flower:  Yucca flower (Yucca glauca) | Other State Flowers

Soil:  Penistaja

Song:  “O, Fair New Mexico” | Words by: Elizabeth Garrett | Music by: Elizabeth Garrett  Other State Songs |Sheet Music

Tree:   Piñon Tree (Pinus edulis) | Other State Trees

Quarter:   State outline, Zia Sun Symbol from flag New Mexico Quarter | List of State Quarters


new mexico large map




  • Area: 121,593 sq.mi (314,925, 5th
  • Land: 121,359 sq.mi. (314,319, 5th
  • Water: 234 sq.mi. (606, 49th

Largest Cities:  Albuquerque | Las Cruces | Rio Rancho | Santa Fe | Roswell | Farmington | Alamogordo | Carlsbad | Gallup | Deming

Highest Point: Wheeler Peak ; 13,161 feet, (4,013 m.) 8th tallest

Lowest Point: New Mexico; 2,844 feet, 48th lowest

Geographic Center:  Torrance, 12 miles southwest of Willard

Blank Outline Maps: Find printable blank map of the State of New Mexico , without names, so you can quiz yourself on important locations, abbreviations, or state capital.

City Guide:  Visit New Mexico City Guide for a look at geography, local history, architecture, and culture.




State Government

Governor:  Michelle Lujan Grisham (D)

Senators:  Martin Heinrich (D) Ben Ray Lujan (D) 

Representatives:  House, Senate

Constitution:  New Mexico’s Constitution , 47th State

Government Offices Directory:  Find all information here at the New Mexico government offices directory

Electoral College Votes:  5 Votes

Vital Records: Find out all the information about the vital records for the state of New Mexico


Agriculture: Cattle, dairy products, hay, nursery stock, chilies.

Industry: Electric equipment, petroleum and coal products, food processing, printing and publishing, stone, glass, and clay products, tourism.

White Pages:  New Mexico White Pages