Oregon (OR)


Quick Facts

Capital City: Salem

Abbreviation:  OR

Population (2019):  3,930,065; Rank: 27 of 50 | Population Quick Facts

Region: West

Admission to Statehood: February 14, 1859 (33rd State)

State Motto:   She Flies with her own Wings

State Nickname: Beaver State

Origin of State Name:  Origin and meaning of name unknown, may be based on the French word ouragan meaning “hurricane,” as the French referred to the Columbia River as le fleuve aux ouragans meaning “Hurricane River”

Sports Teams: Find the best High School, College, League, and Professional sports teams of Oregon State

Bordering States: The State of Oregon has 4 neighbors namely, California, Idaho, Nevada and Washington. | List of US Regions

Area Codes:  458, 503, 541, 971

Zip Codes:   Oregon Zip Codes

Famous People:   Find out all the information about the famous people born in Oregon

State Symbols

Bird:  Western Meadowlark | List of State Birds

Flag: The flag of Oregon is the only state flag with different pictures on each side. On the reverse appears a beaver the state animal. Both sides have a field of navy blue with a design in gold. The front picture includes a heart-shaped shield with an eagle on top, surrounded by thirty-three stars. (The number of states in 1859.) The scene on the shield shows the sun setting over the Pacific Ocean, mountains, forests, and a covered wagon. A plow, wheat and pickax represent farming and mining. Of the two ships: The one leaving is a British ship and the one arriving is a United States ship representing trade. The eagle represents the United States. On a banner are the words “The Union” representing support for the United States. Finally, the flag is emblazoned with the words “State of Oregon” above the picture and the date of statehood “1859” below.   Get this Flag

Flower:  Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium) | Other State Flowers

Soil:  Jory

Song: “Oregon, My Oregon” | Words by: J.A. Buchanan | Music by: Henry Murtagh Other State Songs | Sheet Music

Tree: Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) | Other State Trees

Quarter: Oregon Quarter | List of State Quarters


Oregon on a US map



  • Area: 98,386 sq.mi (254,819 sq.km.), 9th
  • Land: 96,003 sq.mi. (248,647 sq.km.), 10th
  • Water: 2,383 sq.mi. (6,172 sq.km.), 19th
  • Coastline: 296 mi. (476 km.), 8th
  • Shoreline: 1,410 mi. (2,269 km.), 16th

Largest Cities:  Portland | Eugene | Salem | Gresham | Hillsboro | Beaverton | Bend | Medford | Springfield | Corvallis

Highest Point: Mount Hood ; 11,239 feet, ( 3,429 m.) 13th tallest

Lowest Point: Oregon; sea level, tied for 3rd lowest

Geographic Center:  Crook, 25 miles southeast of Prineville

Blank Outline Maps: Find printable blank map of the State of Oregon , without names, so you can quiz yourself on important locations, abbreviations, or state capital.

City Guide:  Visit Oregon City Guide for a look at geography, local history, architecture, and culture.

National Parks:  Crater Lake National Park
Fort Vancouver National Historic Site (Washington and Oregon)
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument
Lewis and Clark National Historical Park (also Washington)
Nez Perce National Historical Park
Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve


State Government

Governor:  Kate Brown (D)

Senators:  Ron Wyden (D) Jeff Merkley (D)

Representatives:  House Senate

Constitution:  Oregon’s Constitution

Government Offices Directory:  Find all information here at the Oregon government offices 

Vital Records: Find out all the information about the vital records for the state of Oregon


    • Agriculture: Cattle, vegetables, nursery stock, fruits and nuts, dairy products, wheat.
    • Industry: Lumber and wood products, tourism, food processing, paper products, machinery, scientific instruments.
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