State Nickname of Connecticut
The Constitution State
Connecticut was designated the “Constitution State” by the General Assembly in 1959.
As early as the 19th Century, John Fiske, a popular historian from Connecticut, made the claim that the
Fundamental Orders of 1638/39 were the first written constitution in history. The Fundamental orders were thought to be the earliest document of its kind in western civilization.
Some contemporary historians dispute Fiske’s analysis. However, Simeon E. Baldwin, a former Chief Justice of the
Connecticut Supreme Court, defended Fiske’s view of the Fundamental Orders in Osborn’s History of Connecticut in Monographic Form by stating that “never had a company of men deliberately met to frame a
social compact for immediate use, constituting a new and independent commonwealth, with definite officers, executive and legislative, and prescribed rules and modes of government, until the first
planters of Connecticut came together for their great work on January 14th, 1638-9.” The text of the
Orders is reproduced in Section I of this volume and the original is on permanent display at the Museum of Connecticut History at the State Library.
Connecticut has also been known as the “Nutmeg State”, the “Provisions State,”and the “Land of Steady Habits”.