Alabama State Tree

Alabama State Tree 

Longleaf Pine

Pinaceae Pinus palustris  Alabama-Longleaf-Pine


Evergreen, very long and feathery (8 to 18 inches long), with three dark
green needles per fascicle.


Monoecious; males yellow-red, long, in clusters; females oval, purple.


Very large (largest cone in the Eastern U. S. –6 to 10 inches long),
ovoid to conical in shape, sessile. Scales are red-brown in color. The umbo
is armed with a curved prickle. Maturing September to October.


Very stout, brown, with large obvious, asbestos-white buds.


Quite scaly, orange-brown to gray, will eventually develop plates.


A medium-sized tree with a straight trunk, coarse branches and tufted
needles at ends of branches.

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;
Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654;
range map source information