California State Tree

California State Tree

California Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens & Sequoia giganteaCalifornia Redwood tree- Sequoia sempervirens

Evergreen, 1/2 to 1 inch long, linear, two-ranked and flattened, yellow-green to green, upper side of needle has sparse stomatal bloom while underside has two distinct bands. Leaves on cone-bearing branches may be scale-like. 


Monoecious; both males and females are very small and occur near the
ends of shoots; males are oblong; females more egg-shaped.


Woody cone, 3/4 to 1 inch long, reddish-brown, basically egg-shaped,
mature in one season.


Slender, often drooping, initially green and later turning brown.


Very thick (up to 1 foot), deeply furrowed with rounded ridges, fibrous,
reddish to gray-brown.


Very large, tall, straight tree (over 300 feet) with a narrow, loose

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information