Minnesota State Tree – Red Pine – Pinus resinosa
Leaf: Evergreen, 4 to 6 inches long, with two needles per fascicle that snap
cleanly when doubled.
Flower: Monoecious; males almost round, light red, in large clusters at branch
tips; females a round, short cone, reddish-brown.
Fruit: Cones are ovoid, broad near the base and tapering to a point at the
tip; 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long. The apophysis is chestnut brown and the umbo
is not armed. Maturing August to October.
Twig: Medium textured, orange-brown in color with orange-brown buds.
Bark: On young trees, red-brown or pink to gray, flaky. Eventually becoming
plated, the plates have scaly surfaces.
Form: A medium-size tree with an ovoid crown and a clear bole. Foliage is tufted,
resembling a fox tail.
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information