Minnesota State Tree

Minnesota State Tree

Red Pine

Pinaceae Pinus resinosaRed Pine Tree
Evergreen, 4 to 6 inches long, with two needles per fascicle that snap
cleanly when doubled.


Monoecious; males almost round, light red, in large clusters at branch
tips; females a round, short cone, reddish-brown.


Cones are ovoid, broad near the base and tapering to a point at the tip; 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long. The apophysis is chestnut brown and the umbo is not armed. Maturing August to October.


Medium textured, orange-brown in color with orange-brown buds.


On young trees, red-brown or pink to gray, flaky. Eventually becoming
plated, the plates have scaly surfaces.


A medium-size tree with an ovoid crown and a clear bole. Foliage is tufted, resembling a fox tail.

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information