Minnesota State Tree
cleanly when doubled.
Monoecious; males almost round, light red, in large clusters at branch
tips; females a round, short cone, reddish-brown.
Cones are ovoid, broad near the base and tapering to a point at the tip; 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long. The apophysis is chestnut brown and the umbo is not armed. Maturing August to October.
Medium textured, orange-brown in color with orange-brown buds.
On young trees, red-brown or pink to gray, flaky. Eventually becoming
plated, the plates have scaly surfaces.
A medium-size tree with an ovoid crown and a clear bole. Foliage is tufted, resembling a fox tail.
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information