New Mexico State Tree

New Mexico State Tree Pinyon PineNew Mexico State Tree

Piñon Tree  

Piñon Tree Pinaceae Pinus edulis
or Pinyon Pine Tree
Usually two needles per fascicle. Needles are coarse, thick, curved,
blue-green or yellow-green, stiff, and one to two inches long.



Monoecious; males red, cylindrical, in clusters near ends of branches;
females purplish at branch tips.


Cones are ovoid, 2 inches long, short-stalked, brown in color, with
very thick cone scales. Each scale contains two very large edible “pine nuts”.

Maturing in September and October.


Stout and orange-brown, somewhat scraggly.


Scaly or with small plates, red-brown to gray.


A small tree with an irregularly rounded crown.

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information
New Mexico State Tree Pinyon Pine