North Carolina State Tree

North Carolina State Tree

Longleaf Pine 

Longleaf Pine Pinaceae Pinus palustrisNorth Carolina state tree Longleaf pine


Evergreen, very long and feathery (8 to 18 inches long), with three dark
green needles per fascicle.


Monoecious; males yellow-red, long, in clusters; females oval, purple.


Very large (largest cone in the Eastern U. S. –6 to 10 inches long),
ovoid to conical in shape, sessile. Scales are red-brown in color. The umbo (A blunt or rounded protuberance, as on the ends of the scales of pine cones) is armed with a curved prickle. Maturing September to October.


Very stout, brown, with large obvious, asbestos-white buds.


Quite scaly, orange-brown to gray, will eventually develop plates.


A medium-sized tree with a straight trunk, coarse branches and tufted
needles at ends of branches.

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and
John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654;
range map source information