North Carolina State Tree - Longleaf Pine - Pinus palustris

Longleaf Pine Pinaceae Pinus palustris

Leaf: Evergreen, very long and feathery (8 to 18 inches long), with three dark green needles per fascicle.

Flower: Monoecious; males yellow-red, long, in clusters; females oval, purple.

Fruit: Very large (largest cone in the Eastern U. S. --6 to 10 inches long), ovoid to conical in shape, sessile. Scales are red-brown in color. The umbo is armed with a curved prickle. Maturing September to October.

Twig: Very stout, brown, with large obvious, asbestos-white buds.

Bark: Quite scaly, orange-brown to gray, will eventually develop plates.

Form: A medium-sized tree with a straight trunk, coarse branches and tufted needles at ends of branches.

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and
John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654;
range map source information
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