Oregon State Tree

Oregon State Tree

Douglas Fir 

Pinaceae Pseudotsuga menziesii oklahoma douglas fir


Evergreen, single needles that lack woody pegs or suction cups. Needles
are yellow-green to blue-green, 3/4 to 1 1/4 inch long, and very fragrant. Needle tips are blunt or slightly rounded.


Monoecious; males oblong, red to yellow, near branch tips; females
reddish, with long bracts, occurring near branch tips.


Very distinctive, 3 to 4 inches long with rounded scales. Three-lobed
bracts extend beyond the cone scales and resemble mouse posteriors. Maturing in August.


Slender and red-brown, with long, sharp, pointed, red-brown buds.


Smooth and gray on young stems, becoming thickened, red-brown with ridges and deep furrows.


A pyramidal crown that is somewhat open and self-prunes poorly. Stems are characteristically straight.

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information