Oregon State Tree - Douglas Fir - Pseudotsuga menziesii

Douglas Fir Pinaceae Pseudotsuga menziesii

Leaf: Evergreen, single needles that lack woody pegs or suction cups. Needles are yellow-green to blue-green, 3/4 to 1 1/4 inch long, very fragrant. Needle tips are blunt or slightly rounded.

Flower: Monoecious; males oblong, red to yellow, near branch tips; females reddish, with long bracts, occurring near branch tips.

Fruit: Very distinctive, 3 to 4 inches long with rounded scales. Three-lobed bracts extend beyond the cone scales and resemble mouse posteriors. Maturing in August.

Twig: Slender and red-brown, with long, sharp, pointed, red-brown buds.

Bark: Smooth and gray on young stems, becoming thickened, red-brown with ridges and deep furrows.

Form: A pyramidal crown that is somewhat open and self-prunes poorly. Stems are characteristically straight.

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information
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