Pennsylvania State Tree - Eastern Hemlock - Tsuga canadensis

Eastern Hemlock Pinaceae Tsuga canadensis

Leaf: Evergreen, 1/2 inch long, dark green in color, with 2 lines of white stomata below. Tips are blunt. Needles are two-ranked.

Flower: Monoecious; males yellow, small, round; females light green at branch tips.

Fruit: Ovoid, 3/4 inch long with rounded, entire scales. Maturing September to October.

Twig: Fine, gray-brown in color.

Bark: On young trees, gray-brown, smooth, turning scaly. Older trees are red-brown with wide ridges and furrows. When cut or broken, purple streaks are obvious.

Form: A medium-sized tree with a dense, conical crown, fine branches and a drooping terminal shoot. Typically a poor natural pruner.

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson;Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information
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