South Dakota State Tree

South Dakota State Tree

White Spruce 

Pinaceae Picea glaucaSouth Dakota white spuce

Evergreen, stiff, 1/3 to 3/4 inch long, green to blue-green in color, square in cross-section. When crushed a pungent odor is apparent. Needle tips are pointed, but not sharp.


Monoecious; males reddish but turning yellow; females purple.


Cones are 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long, cigar-shaped, and light brown in color.
Scales are rounded with entire margins. Maturing in August.


Slender, light brown or pale, sometimes glaucous, hairless. Needles borne on woody pegs.


Thin, gray-brown in color, smooth, later flaky or scaly.


Conical, medium-sized trees.

Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental
Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen,
Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag
Handbook 654; range map source information