Texas State Tree

Texas State Tree

Pecan Tree

Juglandaceae Carya illinoinensisTexas State Tree Pecan Tree

 

Leaf

Alternate, pinnately compound with 9 to 15 finely serrate and often curved leaflets, 12 to 18 inches long.

Flower

Male flowers in hanging, yellow-green catkins, often in pairs of three
(4 to 5 inches long). Females are small and yellowish green, 4-angled.

Fruit

Large, oblong, brown, splotched with black, thin shelled nuts, 1 ½ to
2 inches long, husks are thin, usually occur in clusters on trees. Mature in September and October.

Twig

Moderately stout, light brown, fuzzy particularly, when young; leaf scars large and three lobed; buds are yellowish brown to brown, hairy, terminal buds ¼ to ½ inch long.

Bark

Smooth when young, becoming narrowly fissured into thin broken strips, often scaly.

Form

A large tree (can reach heights well over 100 feet) with spreading crown when in the open.

Texas pecan tree details
Bark
Pecan Tree Seed
Seed
Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept.
of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation;
Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654;
range map source information