Texas State Tree

Texas State Tree

Pecan Tree

Juglandaceae Carya illinoinensisTexas State Tree Pecan Tree



Alternate, pinnately compound with 9 to 15 finely serrate and often curved leaflets, 12 to 18 inches long.


Male flowers in hanging, yellow-green catkins, often in pairs of three
(4 to 5 inches long). Females are small and yellowish green, 4-angled.


Large, oblong, brown, splotched with black, thin shelled nuts, 1 ½ to
2 inches long, husks are thin, usually occur in clusters on trees. Mature in September and October.


Moderately stout, light brown, fuzzy particularly, when young; leaf scars large and three lobed; buds are yellowish brown to brown, hairy, terminal buds ¼ to ½ inch long.


Smooth when young, becoming narrowly fissured into thin broken strips, often scaly.


A large tree (can reach heights well over 100 feet) with spreading crown when in the open.

Texas pecan tree details
Pecan Tree Seed
Copyright 2019 Virginia Tech Dept.
of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation;
Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654;
range map source information